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Many of us will never get the chance to venture off north of the arctic circle but if you do, you’ll notice that there’s more than just polar bears and santa. From russia’s top secret military base on a remote island, from some of the oldest fossils in the world, here are mysterious things found near the arctic circle.
In April of 2018, Nasa scientists were a little bit confused when they came across these strange, mysterious, oval-shaped holes in the Arctic ice. Researchers claimed to have never really seen anything like that before which led to quite a bit of speculation. Some believed that animals such as seals or whales had possibly caused it by. Sometimes these animals attempt to break the ice by surfacing while trying to get a breath of fresh air, but that wasn’t the only hypothesis. Another scientist believed that it could have been from a warm spring that was leaking water from the ground but it’s tough to say for sure. Maybe they’re actually entrances to underground cities filled with aliens? Who knows.
12. Watermelon Ice
Pink snow is known to happen at high altitudes in places like the Himalayas and northern latitudes. But what on earth is it! The Arctic was originally described by the British explorer John Ross in the early 1800’s. There’s seems be an unprecedented amount of this mysterious snow in the Arctic in recent years. Originally it was believed that it was a chemical reaction from meteoric iron deposits but recent studies prove otherwise. Biologists now came to the conclusion that the watermelon ice is actually from a chemical reaction with a species of algae that loves cold weather. In its original form, it’s actually green but as it begins to absorb UV rays it turns into the reddish color you see in this photo. The strange algae is actually beginning to bloom and some claim this could be the reason the ice caps are melting at a faster rate.
11. Presbyornis Fossils
The reminisce of a giant bird that once roamed the arctic about 53 million years ago, on what once was actually swampy land. This discovery was made on Ellesmere Island in the 1970’s. This creature was a 6 foot, flightless bird that was believed to have weighed several thousand pounds and had a head the size of a horse’s. Originally thought to be a carnivore, these birds were most likely vegan and feasted on nuts, berries, leaves and seeds. During the Eocene Epoch, the climate was warm and rainy without the ice caps we know of today, allowing this species to survive. These toes bones that were found on the isolated island of Ellesmere, matched with the bones of the Presbyornis found in Wyoming and are the first to suggest that they lived above the arctic circle.
10. Baffin Island Vikings
After archaeologists found evidence of Vikings in Newfoundland, they began to wonder, where else could these wanderlusting people have possibly lived. They began a never ending quest to find more evidence of past settlements all over North America’s east coast, hoping to come across some proof of past viking life. After many failed attempts, archaeologists Patricia Sutherland, finally announced strong evidence that there could be another viking outpost in North America, on the Baffin Island in Canada, located just west of Greenland. This type of technology in metal working, was often made my vikings and unknown to among the Arctic’s native inhabitants, making it a rather rare and unique find. It appears to be the first known evidence of high-temperature non ferrous, metal workings north of Mexico.
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